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Martin Luther King was born with the name Michael Luther King Jr. but later changed his name to Martin. In Georgia, Martin attended segregated schools. He graduated at the young age of fifteen. Then he attended theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania. He was awarded the B.D. in 1951. He continued his education with graduate studies at Boston University, where he received his degree in 1955.
Martin Luther King met Coretta Scott in Boston and married her. They were blessed with two sons and two daughters. Martin became the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. He was also a member of the NAACP at this point. He agreed to accept the leadership of the bus boycott in December 1955, which propelled Martin to national recognition and made him an enemy of many Americans as well.
During the boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, and he received death threats. None of these events forced Martin to cease, and he gradually became the respected leader of the black community.
Martin Luther King was elected as the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957. During the next nine years, King addressed people about Injustice and also penned five books and a number of articles. He wrote his famous "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" during this time, gave his "I Have a Dream" speech to 250,000 people in Washington, D.C., and was arrested over twenty times and assaulted at least four times.
He received the Nobel Peace Prize at the age of thirty-five making him the youngest man ever to receive the award. In typical King fashion, he gave the prize money of $54,123 to the civil rights movement. Martin was assassinated on April 4, 1968 when he was standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee. He was there to lead a protest march with the striking garbage workers.
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Personal Facts About Martin Luther King
- Martin was born on January 15, 1929.
- Martin Luther King married Coretta Scott King. They had two sons and two daughters.
- Martin was assassinated on April 4,1968
Schooling Facts About Martin Luther King
- Martin attended segregated public schools in Georgia.
- He graduated high school at age 15.
- He attended Morehouse College and earned his B.A. degree in 1948.
- Martin spent three years studying theology at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania.
- He worked on his graduate studies at Boston University and earned his doctorate in 1955.
Leadership Facts About Martin Luther King
- Martin was elected President of his mostly white senior class at Crozer Theological Seminary.
- Martin Luther King led the bus boycott that lasted 382 days and was eventually declared unconstitutional on December 21, 1956 by the U.S. Supreme Court.
- In 1957, he was elected the president of SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference).
- King directed the March on Washington and gave the "I Have a Dream" speech to 250,000 people.
- Martin was arrested over 20 times for peaceful protest, his home was bombed, and he received numerous death threats.
- Martin received 5 honorary degrees.
- King was named the Man of the Year by Time Magazine in 1963.
- Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He donated all of the money, which was $54,123, to the Civil Rights Movement. He was the youngest man to ever receive this award.
Martin Luther king jr. day quotes Quotes
"A nation spending more money on military defense than social uplift is approaching spiritual doom– Martin Luther King Jr.
Mlk (Martin Luther king jr.) I Have A Dream Speech - August 28, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have a Dream Speech is speech delivered by him in public on August 28, 1963, which was aimed to end racism in the United States.
Martin Luther King had a perfect rationale and practice of persuasive public speaking. And so his thoughts were recorded in forms of inspirational quotes as he was a man with ideal views and a clear broadcast of life.
His well-known famous quotes are:
1) I have decided to stick with love. Hate is too great a burden to bear.
2) In the End, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.
3) An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.
4) He who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it.
5) Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. Every step toward the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.
Mlk (Martin Luther King Jr.) Accomplishments
Martin had undeniable courage to confront his enemies and death threats. His home in Montgomery was bombed and in that he lost his wife and young children. His telephone and hotel room was bugged by Hoover's FBI. He was assaulted, arrested, and jailed for peaceful protest. All of these things were done in an attempt to make the world a better place.
Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest person to ever receive the Nobel Peace Prize, and he won it for his work fighting against racial segregation and racial discrimination through non-violent measures. He has been awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges in the United States and abroad. He was given the American Liberties Medallion by the American Jewish Committee in 1965.
In 1966, he was given the Margaret Sanger Award from the Planned Parenthood Federation of Amerca for resisting bigotry and dedication to social justice and human dignity. He won the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for "Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam" in 1971. In 1977, King was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter. Martin and Coretta were also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.
Martin was voted third in the Greatest American contest by the Discovery Channel and AOL. He was second in Gallup's List of Widely Admired People in the twentieth century. In 1963, he was named the Time Person of the Year.
Nearly every major city in the United States has a street or a school named after Martin Luther King. King has a national holiday in his honor which we have been celebrating since 1986. This honor has been afforded to no other American, not even Washington, Jefferson, or Lincoln, as we celebrate Presidents' Day at one time. We celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day on the third Monday of every year.
Martin Luther King himself wanted to be remembered not for the awards he won but for how he fought peacefully for justice. He gave his life to serving others. Today we can celebrate the accomplishments of Martin Luther King Jr. ( Mlk day 2017)
As a leader King actively participated in several conferences and movements of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience. Some of them are:
1.) Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
2.) Southern Christian Leadership Conference
3.) Albany movement
4.) Birmingham campaign
5.) St. Augustine Demonstrations, Florida, 1963
6.) March on Washington, 1963
7.) The Selma Voting Rights Movement, 1965
8.) Chicago Open Housing Movement, 1966
9.) Opposition to Vietnam War
10.) Poor People’s Campaign, 1968
It was during these movements growing into a success and a mass-awakening movement when Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded NOBEL PEACE PRIZE in 1964 for racial inequality through Non-Violence.King also showed to Americans the best oratory skills he had by delivering a public speech I Have A Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr, which was later recorded as one of the best speeches in American History.
And so, eventually, Martin Luther King, Jr. eventually grew to take the form of an American Icon.However the sad day was no far and this American Idol, Martin Luther King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, when a shot rang out as King stood on a motel’s balcony. A bullet entered through his right cheek, breaking his jaw and then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.
After an acute chest surgery, King was declared dead, and this led to the sad demise if this hero.But as they say, Real Heroes Live Forever, Martin Luther King, Jr. lives as an immortal soul in the hearts of every citizen in America and everywhere in the form of fraternity and equality.King did his work the best and extraordinarily way.King is for Forever.
Martin Luther King Jr. is a hero forever.
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